This program, which has been scheduled by The Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools, is divided in two main parts. In the first part of the course students will gain experience in archaeological fieldwork by excavating in the Ancient Roman city of Sanisera. This site is located in the Mediterranean island of Menorca. During the second part students will discover the most significant remains from Ancient Rome through an archaeological tour around Rome, which will be leaded by an expert on Roman art & Museums.
Part 1.The archaeological fieldwork in Sanisera (Menorca, Spain)
The research is focused on the archaeological excavation of Sanisera and it studies what happened in this Roman port connected to the maritime traffic that sailed the Mediterranean during those times. As a result, we know that this is a very interesting archaeological site, with abundant findings of multiple artifacts that will help us to reconstruct its past.
The excavation at the Roman city of Sanisera provides all the archaeological documentation necessary for the student to acquire enough training and experience in all aspects involving an excavation of the Roman civilization from the II century B.C. to the VI A.D.
In the laboratory students will learn to classify all the artifacts found on the site, including Roman pottery, numismatics and faunal remains.
Time dedicated to this part of the program: 70%.
Part 2. Exploring Art, Museums, Rome & Pompeii (Italy)
For the second part of the course, the field program offers the opportunity to students of visiting two of the most important cities in the Roman world: Rome, the capital of the Empire, and Pompeii, whose excellent preservation allows us to admire the architectural and the artistic conventions of the time. This archaeological guide will have a duration of five days and explanations will be in English.
At its peak Rome was a densely populated city surrounded by ancient fortifications, which extended up to a radius of 3 square kilometres. It had 11 public baths and over 1000 pools and fountains that fed through 19 aqueducts. It also had two circuses and two amphitheatres, triumphal arches and 36 thousand statues. There were nearly two million palaces.
In the heart of the city there was the roman forum, where merchants gathered, as well as senators and priests who celebrated their rituals and sacrifices according to the requirements of Roman religion.
Very near the Forum there was the Coliseum, which was a magnificent theater built in just 10 years and dedicated to the entertainment of the great mass of the population. It could accommodate 50,000 spectators who could watch fights among gladiators. It is one of the most visited monuments in Europe and one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
Another unique building in Rome is undoubtedly the Pantheon. Built between 118 and 125 A.D., it was a temple dedicated to all gods. It is the most remarkable monument of the whole Roman Empire which has survived in its original form. All decorative elements, mosaic tiles and interior columns remain the same, and its vaulted dome was the largest ever built until the twentieth century.
The art collection which is on display in the halls of the Capitoline Museums are the essential complement to admire the Roman classical world, including sculptures, mosaics, inscriptions and sarcophagi. Some of the most famous works that we will see are the remains of the colossal statue of Constantine the Great, the statue of a mounted rider Marcus Aurelius, the Dying Gaul and the she-wolf nursing Romulus and Remus, which is the emblem of Rome.
Visiting the Vatican museums is a unique experience. There the greatest artists will welcome you: Raphael, Michelangelo in the Sistine Chapel, Giotto, Caravaggio, Leonardo da Vinci… Also you will encounter masterpieces of Ancient times from Roman, Egyptian and Etruscan civilizations.
Also we’ll take a day trip to Pompeii so that students can discover this fascinating site where History is alive! We will travel to the region of Campania to visit the ruins of the city which was destroyed and buried under ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. It is a unique opportunity to explore a Roman city’s urban planning, architecture and art, since its preservation is outstanding.
This archaeological tour will have a duration of five days and explanations will be in English.
Time dedicated to this part of the program: 30%.